Addiction to illegal substances is a chronic disease marked by uncontrollable, or compulsive, drug seeking and use despite the changes in the brain and harmful consequences. These changes and damage can be long-lasting if not treated. It can also lead to destructive behaviors seen in individuals who use dangerous drugs.
This kind of addiction is also a regressing and deteriorating disease. Relapse is the patient’s return to drug use after attempting to stop this harmful vice. The path to this kind of addiction starts with the voluntary act of taking illicit drugs. But as time goes by, an individual’s ability to choose not to do this kind of activity becomes compromised.
Looking for and taking illegal substances becomes compulsive. It is mostly because of the effects of long-term exposure of the brain to illicit drugs. It affects parts of our brain involved in motivation and reward, control over behavior, memory, and learning. Addiction, in all forms, is a disease that can affect both people’s behavior and the brain.
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Can illegal substance addiction be treated?
The answer is a resounding yes, but it is not that easy. Because it is considered a chronic disease, individuals cannot simply stop using this substance for a couple of days and be free from it. A lot of patients need long-term or repeated care to stop using and recover their lives completely.
Addiction therapy needs to help the patient do the following:
Be productive in society, at work, and in the family
Stop using any forms of illicit drugs
Stay away from drugs
Common treatments for illegal drug addiction
There are a lot of options that have been pretty successful when it comes to treating addiction, including:
Medical applications and devices used to treat withdrawal manifestations
Treatment and evaluation for occurring mental health problems like anxiety and depression
Long-term check-ups to prevent relapse
Deliver skills training
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A wide range of care with tailored therapy programs and follow-up alternatives can be vital to the treatment’s success. It should include both mental and medical health services if the patient needs them. Follow-up care consists of a family-based or community-based care support system.
How are devices and medications used in addiction treatment?
Devices and medications can be used to manage various withdrawal symptoms, treat occurring conditions, and prevent relapse.
Devices and medications can help patients suppress their withdrawal manifestations during the detox process. Detoxification is not a treatment by itself, but it is just the first step in the long process. Patients who don’t receive further therapy after detox usually goes into relapse. According to studies, a combination of medications and treatment programs prove to be pretty effective in treating withdrawal symptoms.
Is treatment different with regular patients and the criminal justice populations?
According to studies, drug abuse therapy can help a lot of drug offenders change their beliefs, behaviors, and attitudes towards substance abuse, avoid future relapse, as well as successfully removes themselves from the life of crime and substance abuse.
A lot of principles when it comes to drug addiction therapy are similar for individuals in the general population as for those within the criminal justice system. But a lot of offenders do not have access to facilities like myzeo heroin rehab that patients need. Treatments that are of poor quality or are not suited to the needs of offenders and are not effective at minimizing drug use, as well as criminal behavior. Not only that, some considerations specially designed for offenders include:
Treatment plans include developing certain cognitive skills to help offenders adjust beliefs and attitudes that can lead to crime and drug abuse, like feeling entitled to have things on their way or not knowing the consequences of their behavior. Skills involved include thinking, learning, remembering, and understanding.
Treatment plans should comprise tailored services within the facility and transition to community-based therapy after their release. Ongoing coordination between courts, parole officers, probation officers, and the treatment providers is very important when it comes to addressing the complicated needs of offenders re-entering society.
How many individuals get therapy for drug addiction?
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s survey on health and drug abuse, more or less 30 million individuals aged 12 years old and older needed proper therapy for alcohol and illegal drugs. Only 4 million received substance use treatment. Out of these numbers, only 2 million individuals received treatment at treatment programs designed for this situation.