A federal jury ruled that a large Northern California health system did not abuse its market power to drive up costs for consumers and businesses
The verdict followed a monthlong civil trial in a class-action lawsuit against Sutter Health on behalf of more than 3 million employers and people served by the Sacramento-based nonprofit system.
The plaintiffs argued unsuccessfully that the company caused nearly $400 million in insurance premium overcharges between 2011-2017 and sought triple damages, as much as $1.2 billion.
Attorneys who brought the antitrust lawsuit said Sutter Health, which operates 24 hospitals with more than 12,000 doctors and 16,000 nurses, struck deals with major insurance companies that discouraged patients from using lower-cost insurance and lower-cost hospitals.
Sutter successfully countered that it did not engage in anticompetitive conduct and denied that its practices bumped up prices, saying in court papers that its deal with insurance companies amounted to a “volume discount.”
The decision, he said in a statement, “validates that healthcare providers, including doctors and hospitals, have a right to evaluate whether to participate in health plan networks and ensure that they don’t interfere with the ability to provide coordinated patient care and will not lead to surprise bills.”
Friday’s verdict comes two years after the company settled similar claims after state officials and consumer advocates largely blamed Sutter’s practices as the reason that Northern California residents were typically paying health insurance premiums that were $3,000 higher than in Southern California.
A typical inpatient procedure in the northern part of the state might have cost $90,000 more than in Southern California, they said.
In the current lawsuit, the plaintiffs said Sutter used its dominance in seven mostly rural Northern California areas to lock in insurers in four other communities where it has more competition.
That, they claimed, let Sutter overcharge for its own services and in turn prompted hundreds of millions of dollars in insurance premium overcharges by Anthem Blue Cross, Blue Shield of California, Aetna, United Healthcare, and Health Net.
Sutter said it competes with an even larger health system, Kaiser Permanente, and argued that its deals with five of the largest U.S. insurance companies were not only legal but were intended to help Sutter patients and drive down the total cost of care.
Jurors, without comment, rejected the allegation that Sutter sold inpatient hospital services in competitive areas only if the insurer also purchased services in non-competitive areas.
They also rejected allegations that Sutter forced the health plans to agree to contracts that prevented the plans from steering patients to lower-cost non-Sutter hospitals.
The law allows triple damages if plaintiffs had prevailed. Attorneys filed the lawsuit on behalf of four people who paid health insurance premiums and two companies that paid premiums for their employees since 2011, but included in the class-action all individuals or companies in the same position across much of Northern California.
The plaintiffs’ attorneys estimated that includes 3 million patients and employers served by the Sutter Health system.
Two years ago, Sutter paid different plaintiffs $575 million to settle similar claims that that the company artificially increased patients’ costs through anti-competitive practices. It also agreed through a separate settlement with the state to accept a court-approved monitor for 10 years to make sure it no longer works through insurance companies to increase patients’ costs.
The 2019 settlement barred Sutter from what state officials called an “all or nothing” approach — requiring insurance companies to include all of the health system’s hospitals in their provider networks even if it didn’t provide financial benefits. The settlement also improved pricing transparency while limiting what Sutter could charge for out-of-network procedures.
About 1,400 self-funded employers and unions settled the lawsuit two years ago. They also initially sought damages that could have exceeded $1 billion.